Renewable Energy

Past Experience And Prospects

The country has been moving for some time toward renewable energy sources, with several projects along these lines.

For example, workers installed a demonstration solar-heating system in a children's home in Kyzylorda in 2002.

Kazakhstan's first-ever solar power station began operation in Sarybulak village, Almaty Oblast, in June. With a production capacity of 52kW, it supplies enough power to light houses and pump water from a well, Kaprishev said. The project was implemented with UN Development Programme support as part of the Green Village international initiative.

Unused Potential

Kazakhstan has huge potential for solar energy development. It records 200 to 250 sunny days per year (and up to 300 in the south-east), and radiant solar energy is estimated to reach an annual 800--1,300kW/sq. m.

"Using solar energy for home-heating purposes is possible anywhere in Kazakhstan, whereas large solar stations can best be located in southern regions and near the Aral Sea," Rakhimov said, adding that aggregate fuel savings through the use of solar energy are compatible with the output of a medium-capacity coal mine.

Moving Toward A Green Economy

As a project involving a renewable energy source, the solar power station will do its bit to improve the environmental situation in Kazakhstan.

"The station will use green technology, which Samruk-Energo sees as a way to partially compensate for the damage done to the environment by the coal and nuclear industries," Karpishev said.

The Kapchagai Project Would Use Local Resources To Produce Sustainable Energy Within 5 Months.

The 2MW station will be the country's first solar energy project of commercial importance. It’s scheduled to start operating in 2013.

"It's Kazakhstan's first-ever major solar power station involving such efficient elements as photoelectric panels made of single-crystalline silicon, which are capable of converting solar energy to electricity with minimal losses," Samruk-Energo spokesman Oral Karpishev said.

The solar station will partially satisfy Almaty Oblast's growing power demand.

Kazakh Entrepreneur Brings Solar Power To Remote Areas

Nurlan Dzhiyenbayev believes in solar power, especially for those who live a long way from Kazakhstan’s electric grid.

In fact, he’s making a living largely by helping those in remote villages and mountainous areas obtain power.

His ND & Co. produces photovoltaic power plants – arrays of solar cells that collect sunlight to convert into electricity.

Dzhiyenbayev’s initial foray into solar was more like a hobby than a business: He began making solar lamps by hand in his kitchen 10 years ago.